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Human Rights

State Human Right Commission

The Protection of Human Rights Act 1993 defines in section 2(d) “Human Rights” means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by Courts in India. The Human Rights Act 1993 created two major instrumentalities such as National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and State Human Right Commission (SHRC) in every state to protect the Human Rights and to implement the Act to that end. In every state the Commission

The commission shall perform all or any of the following functions, namely:--

(a) inquire, so motu or a petition presented to it by a victim or any person on his behalf, into the complaint of

(i) violation of human rights or abetment thereof; or

(ii) Negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant;

(b) Intervene in any proceeding involving any allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court with the approval of such Court

(c) Visit, under the intimation to the State government, any jail or any other institution under the control of the State Government, where persons are detained or lodged for purposes of treatment, reformation of protection to study the living conditions of the inmates and make recommendations thereon

(d) Review the safeguards provided by or under the constitution or any law for the time being in force for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation

(e) Review the factors, including acts of terrorism, that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend appropriate remedial measures;

(f) Study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation

(g) Undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.

(h) Spread human rights literacy among various section of society and promote awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights through publications, the media, seminars and other available means;

(i) Encourage the efforts of non-governmental organizations and institutions working in the field of human rights.

(j) Such other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of human rights;

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